Myringotomy surgery is performed by making an incision in the tympanic membrane (eardrum) to allow the drain of fluid-filled from the middle ear. Tympanoplasty is the procedure in which the ear tubes are inserted in order to allow the continuous drain of the fluid. If any fluid (water) accumulates behind the eardrum, then it will lead to impaired hearing.
The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia on an outpatient basis. The surgeon thoroughly washes the ear and makes a little incision in the eardrum. The fluid is aspirated from the eardrum and the ear tube is inserted. The surgeon then packs the ear with cotton to prevent bleeding. The entire procedure is known as conventional myringotomy. The healing process will take 1-2 days.
The procedure is suggested for the children between the age group of 6 months - 2 years who are suffering from otitis media (recurring ear infections). The problem of hearing loss is also treated that has been caused by fluid build-up.