Fort hospitals ( dental-face-head-neck) is the best surgical centre for head and neck oncology.
1). Head and neck cancer includes cancer of the mouth, throat , nose , sinuses , salivary glands and lymph nodes in the head and neck.
2). Most begins in the moist tissues that line in mouth, nose and throat.
Symptoms include :
(1). A sore throat that doesn’t go away.
(2). Difficulty in swallowing.
(3). A change or hoarseness in the voice.
Head and neck cancers are twice as , in men. Using tobacco or alcohol increase the risk. Infact, around 75% of head and neck cancers are linked to tobacco use including smoking and smokeless tobacco and infection with HPV is the risk factor for some head and neck cancers.
To diagnose head and neck cancer, doctor will do physical exam and diagnostic test, patient will have a biopsy, where a sample of tissue is taken out and examined under a microscope , it is the only test that can tell for sure if you have cancer.
If found early these cancers are often curable.
Treatments may include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, micro vascular surgery or a combination.
Treatment can effect eating, speaking and breathing so patient may need rehabilitation.